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Technical Bulletin

BioBased Tile® Installation Tips


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Armstrong BioBased Tile® (BBT®) products have been on the market since 2011, and have been very well received. BBT and Vinyl Composition Tile (VCT) have many of the same attributes, so the recommended installation systems are very consistent with only the adhesive recommendations being slightly different. BBT is installed using the Armstrong S-525 Clear Thin Spread BioBased Tile® Adhesive or Armstrong S-700 Thin Spread Tile Adhesive, whereas VCT may be installed with any of the Armstrong tile adhesives. BBT is a significantly tougher material with higher indent and cracking resistance than VCT, but also with somewhat less flexibility and conformability. Therefore, it is important to review some conditions for successful installation.

1. Job Site Conditions

  • Armstrong resilient flooring products are intended for interior applications only. They should not be used for exterior installations, commercial kitchens and commercial food processing areas, heavy industrial areas, or where pointed spikes such as golf or track shoes will be used.
  • The environment where resilient flooring will be installed is of critical importance to a successful installation and the continued performance of the flooring product.
  • It is highly recommended that the installation of resilient flooring not begin until the work of all other trades has been completed.
  • Areas to receive resilient flooring shall be clean, fully enclosed, and weather tight with the permanent HVAC in operation. (See additional information below.)
  • The entire area shall be well lit, so the installer can properly prepare the substrate and install the floor.

2. Material, Storage and Handling Requirements
If it becomes necessary, resilient flooring may be stored in an unheated warehouse at temperatures between 30°F (-1°C) and 85°F (29°C) as long as they are protected from the weather, the area is dry and out of direct sunlight, and free of internal combustion (exposure to exhaust from gas or oil combustion in the form of oxides of nitrogen can lead to warehouse yellowing especially in residential flooring).

Prior to installation, the following requirements must be followed:

  • Deliver all flooring materials, adhesives, patches and seaming products to the job site a minimum of 48 hours before installation.
  • Materials should be stored in a dry, temperature-controlled interior area out of direct sunlight. (See section 3.)
  • Store all cartons of tile or plan flooring on a dry, flat, level surface, carefully stacked squarely on top of one another and never more than 5 cartons high. Cartons should never be stored on edge.
  • Material should always be visually inspected prior to installation.

3. Temperature Requirements
Resilient flooring should only be installed in temperature-controlled environments. It is required that the permanent HVAC system be in operation before the installation of resilient flooring. Temporary HVAC systems are acceptable. Portable heaters are not recommended as they may not heat the room and subfloor sufficiently. Kerosene heaters should never be used.

  • Allow all flooring materials and adhesives to condition to the room temperature a minimum of 48 hours before starting the installation.
  • The area to receive resilient flooring should be maintained at a minimum of 65°F (18°C) and a maximum of 100°F (38°C) for 48 hours before, during and 48 hours after completion.
  • During the service life of the floor, the temperature should never rise above 100°F (38°C) nor fall below 55°F (13°C). The performance of the flooring material and adhesives can be adversely affected outside this temperature range.

4. Subfloors/Underlayments
Is the substrate or underlayment appropriate in the area to be covered? Remember, if you cover an underlayment with a resilient floor covering, you have in essence approved the underlayment. If the underlayment is acceptable, check the condition and preparation needed before installation. It may
not be your responsibility to make the repairs, but it is certainly your responsibility to check concrete subfloors for signs of moisture and for repairs or preparations that are needed. Bring issues to the attention of the dealer/contractor who sold the Installation.

As always, if you require additional assistance, please contact our Commercial TechLine: 1-877-276-7876, options 2, 3, 3.

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