|Flooring as a building block in sustainable construction
Environmental Product Declarations are the main building blocks for assessing the sustainablilty of buildings. The building
itself and the individual construction products are assessed and certified over their entire life-cycle, which should impact
the declarations of all products.
Environmental Product Declarations, abbreviated EPD, are based on ISO-standards and are internationally recognized. They consider
the entire product life cycle, from energy and resource usage to the manufacturing process, from the utilization phase to
waste removal. They also look at the extent to which a product contributes to the greenhouse effect, to overferilization and
acidification of the ground, to the destruction of the ozone layer or to the creation of summer smog. Not least, they also
consider technical properties such as lifespan or heat insulation and soundproofing. Special attention is paid to product
lifespans as well as their maintenance, since, depending on the length of time the building has been in use, maintenance costs
can constitute 80% of the total cost of a building on average.
The European Resilient Flooring Manufacturers’ Institute (ERFMI), of which Armstrong is also a member, provides an EPD-calculator
to create an Environmental Product Declaration for an elastic floor covering in just a few steps. The data pertaining to all
manufactures are based on the project, the building type and the lifespan. A free calculator is available online at www.erfmi.com.