Hardwood Flooring Installation | Armstrong Flooring - Residential
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How to Install Hardwood Floors

Want to learn how to install hardwood floors? Before you start, consider these important points about hardwood floor installation.


DIY Hardwood

Even for experienced DIY enthusiasts, nail /staple down and glue down installations can be challenging. For DIY enthusiasts who choose to install hardwood themselves we recommend Lock&Fold® hardwood – it’s the fastest and easiest to install yourself without glue, nails or staples. Learn more about DIY hardwood installation to decide if you’re ready and view step-by-step instructions. Or, locate an Armstrong Certified Installer near you, for guaranteed results.

View Hardwood Installation Guide

hardwood floor installation of Northern Maple – ERH5308

 Hardwood Installation Videos

Get the job done right the first time. Take advantage of Armstrong’s online videos with step-by-step instructions on every installation method as well as subfloor preparation and tips on trim and molding additions.

See Videos on Hardwood Installation

 Armstrong Certified Installers

Finding the perfect flooring is just the first step. You need to ensure it also delivers excellent performance and durability. Our Armstrong Certified Installers are exclusively trained to install our flooring products. Your new floor will not only look great, it will stay that way for years to come.

Find a Certified Installer

Read more about certified installers

Armstrong Certified Installer

Materials & Tools

 Tools Needed

Depending on the type of hardwood flooring you’re installing, you may need different tools and materials. Find out more by reading the installation instructions for the type of product you’ve chosen to install.

Download Hardwood Installation Guide

 Materials & Tools

  • Hardwood flooring (properly stored and acclimated)
  • Coordinating Armstrong filler or touch-up kit
  • Armstrong Hardwood & Laminate Floor Cleaner
  • Armstrong™ ProConnect™ Adhesive (for glue down installations)
  • Armstrong Adhesive Cleaner (for glue down installations)
  • 3M 2080 Blue Mask Tape
  • Armstrong® Quiet Comfort™ Premium Underlayment (for Lock&Fold® installations)
  • Armstrong coordinated trims and moldings
  • Spacers
  • Armstrong 99™ Adhesive
  • Armstrong 57® Adhesive
  • Carpenter's square
  • Tape measure
  • Chalk line and chalk
  • Hammer / rubber mallet
  • Utility knife
  • Safety glasses
  • NIOSH-designated dust mask
  • Saw (circular, table, or jigsaw)
  • Tapping block
  • Level
  • Nail set
  • Pull bar
  • Jamb saw
  • Air compressor (for nail or staple down installation)
  • Stanley-Bostitch LHF2025K, FloorRunner, Senco SLS20HF or equivalent staple gun (for staple down floors)
  • “Blind” fastening machine (for solid wood floors)
  • V-notch trowel (for glue glue down installation)

 Armstrong Quiet Comfort™ Underlayment

Choose Quiet Comfort™ Premium Underlayment, a moisture barrier with superior noise reduction and greater underfoot comfort.

Learn more

 Armstrong Coordinated Trims and Moldings

Complement your new floor with our complete selection of coordinated trims and moldings.

Learn More

hardwood flooring installation - floor trim


 Hardwood Floor Installation

Depending on the type of hardwood floor you’ve chosen, the installation directions will vary. Below is a summary of things to do no matter what type of hardwood you choose. Please refer to your detailed installation instructions for your product type before installing any hardwood flooring yourself.

View Hardwood Installation Guide

hardwood flooring installation - process


  • BEFORE YOU BEGIN: Carefully read our detailed installation instructions.
  • Be sure the floor you’re laying over is dry, clean and flat.
  • Gently remove wall base, millwork, or trim you’ll re-use.
  • Have all recommended tools and materials on hand.
  • Properly acclimate the hardwood according to the instructions.


  • Roll out the underlayment best suited for your hardwood floor.
  • Lay floor pieces parallel with the longest wall in the room.
  • Begin on the left side and work right, with the small tongue side facing the wall.
  • Use spacers between boards and walls to allow for expansion.

 Finishing Up

  • For the last row, you may have to cut boards lengthwise.
  • Trace for contours to be cut and fitted according to installation guide.
  • After installing the last row, remove spacers.
  • Attach trim and moldings to the wall, allowing the floor to expand and contract freely.